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715

(2R)-4-OXO-4-[3-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)-5,6-DIHYDRO[1,2,4]TRIAZOLO[4,3-A]PYRAZIN-7(8H)-YL]-1-(2,4,5-TRIFLUOROPHENYL)BUTAN-2-AMINE

715 is found in 2 entries

715 as free ligands, exist in 2 entries. Example includes: 1X70 4FFW

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Chemical Component Summary

Name(2R)-4-OXO-4-[3-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)-5,6-DIHYDRO[1,2,4]TRIAZOLO[4,3-A]PYRAZIN-7(8H)-YL]-1-(2,4,5-TRIFLUOROPHENYL)BUTAN-2-AMINE
Identifiers(3R)-3-amino-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-6,8-dihydro-5H-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-c]pyrazin-7-yl]-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-1-one
FormulaC16 H15 F6 N5 O
Molecular Weight407.31 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](CC(=O)N1CCn2c(C1)nnc2C(F)(F)F)Cc1cc(F)c(F)cc1F
InChIInChI=1S/C16H15F6N5O/c17-10-6-12(19)11(18)4-8(10)3-9(23)5-14(28)26-1-2-27-13(7-26)24-25-15(27)16(20,21)22/h4,6,9H,1-3,5,7,23H2/t9-/m1/s1
InChIKeyMFFMDFFZMYYVKS-SECBINFHSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count43
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsC12
Bond Count45
Aromatic Bond Count11
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01261 Different stereochemistry
NameSitagliptin
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionSitagliptin is a new oral hypoglycemic (anti-diabetic drug) of the new dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class of drugs. This enzyme-inhibiting drug is to be used either alone or in combination with metformin or a thiazolidinedione for control of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The drug works to competitively inhibit a protein/enzyme, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4), that results in an increased amount of active incretins (GLP-1 and GIP), reduced amount of release of glucagon (diminishes its release) and increased release of insulin.
Synonyms
  • (2R)-4-OXO-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine
  • MK-0431
  • Sitagliptan
  • Sitagliptin phosphate
  • Sitagliptina
Brand Names
  • Janumet
  • Janumet XR
  • Januvia
  • Xelevia
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor use as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Also for use in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus to improve glycemic control in combination with metformin or a PPARγ agonist (e.g., thiazolidinediones) when the single agent alone, with diet and exercise, does not provide adequate glycemic control.
PharmacologySitagliptin is an orally-active member of the new dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class of drugs. The benefit of this medicine is expected to be its lower side-effects of hypoglycemia in the control of blood glucose values. The drug works to diminish the effects of a protein/enzyme (by the inhibition of this protein/enzyme) on the pancreas at the level of release of glucagon (diminishes its release) and at the level of insulin (increases its synthesis and release) until blood glucose levels are restored toward normal, in which case the protein/enzyme-enzyme inhibitor becomes less effective and the amounts of insulin released diminishes thus diminishing the "overshoot" of hypoglycemia seen in other oral hypoglycemic agents.
Mechanism of actionSitagliptin is a highly selective DPP-4 inhibitor, which is believed to exert its actions in patients with type 2 diabetes by slowing the inactivation of incretin hormones, thereby increasing the concentration and prolonging the action of these hormones. Incretin hormones, including glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), are released by the intestine throughout the day, and levels are increased in response to a meal. These hormones are rapidly inactivated by the enzyme, DPP-4. The incretins are part of an endogenous system involved in the physiologic regulation of glucose homeostasis. When blood glucose concentrations are normal or elevated, GLP-1 and GIP increase insulin synthesis and release from pancreatic beta cells by intracellular signaling pathways involving cyclic AMP. GLP-1 also lowers glucagon secretion from pancreatic alpha cells, leading to reduced hepatic glucose production. By increasing and prolonging active incretin levels, sitagliptin increases insulin release and decreases glucagon levels in the circulation in a glucose-dependent manner. These changes lead to a decrease in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)levels, as well as a lower fasting and postprandial glucose concentration. Sitagliptin demonstrates selectivity for DPP-4 and does not inhibit DPP-8 or DPP-9 activity in vitro at concentrations approximating those from therapeutic doses.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Azoles
  • Blood Glucose Lowering Agents
  • Blood Glucose Lowering Drugs, Excl. Insulins
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
ATC-Code
  • A10BD12
  • A10BH51
  • A10BH01
  • A10BD07
CAS number486460-32-6

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4MKTPWKVLLGLLGAAALVTIITVPVVLLNKGTDDATADSRKTYTLTDYLK...yesinhibitor
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682