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AMP

ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE

AMP is found in 564 entries

AMP in polymers: 1 entry. Examples include: 5K99

AMP as free ligands, exist in 563 entries. Example includes: 3T5M 4CS3 2Y8Q

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

NameADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
Identifiers[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-bis(oxidanyl)oxolan-2-yl]methyl dihydrogen phosphate
FormulaC10 H14 N5 O7 P
Molecular Weight347.22 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESNc1ncnc2n(cnc12)[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChIInChI=1S/C10H14N5O7P/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(22-10)1-21-23(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChIKeyUDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count37
Chiral Atom Count4
Chiral AtomsC1',C2',C3',C4'
Bond Count39
Aromatic Bond Count10
Leaving AtomsO3P,HOP3

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00131 Different stereochemistry
NameAdenosine monophosphate
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionAdenylic acid. Adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2'-, 3'-, or 5'-position.
Synonyms
  • 5'-Adenosine monophosphate
  • 5'-Adenylic acid
  • 5'-AMP
  • 5'-O-Phosphonoadenosine
  • Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)
Brand NamesMy-B-Den
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
PharmacologyAdenosine monophosphate, also known as 5'-adenylic acid and abbreviated AMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenosine. AMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. AMP is used as a dietary supplement to boost immune activity, and is also used as a substitute sweetener to aid in the maintenance of a low-calorie diet.
Mechanism of actionNucleotides such as Adenosine-5'-Monophosphate affect a number of immune functions, including the reversal of malnutrition and starvation-induced immunosuppression, the enhancement of T-cell maturation and function, the enhancement of natural killer cell activity, the improvement of delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity, helping resistance to such infectious agents as Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans, and finally the modulation of T-cell responses toward type 1 CD4 helper lymphocytes or Th1 cells. Studies have shown that mice fed a nucleotide-free diet have both impaired humoral and cellular immune responses. The addition of dietary nucleotides normalizes both types of responses. RNA, a delivery form of nucleotides, and ribonucleotides were used in these studies. The mechanism of the immune-enhancing activity of nucleic acids/nucleotides is not clear.
Categories
  • Adenine Nucleotides
  • Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Glycosides
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
CAS number61-19-8

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Adenylate cyclase type 1MAGAPRGGGGGGGGAGEPGGAERAAGTSRRRGLRACDEEFACPELEALFR...unknownproduct of
Long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 1MQAHELFRYFRMPELVDFRQYVRTLPTNTLMGFGAFAALTTFWYATRPKP...unknownproduct of
5'-AMP-activated protein kinase subunit beta-2MGNTTSDRVSGERHGAKAARSEGAGGHAPGKEHKIMVGSTDDPSVFSLPD...unknownactivator
5'-AMP-activated protein kinase subunit beta-2MGNTTSDRVSGERHGAKAARSEGAGGHAPGKEHKIMVGSTDDPSVFSLPD...unknownactivator
Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, cytoplasmicMGLPEERVRSGSGSRGQEEAGAGGRARSWSPPPEVSRSAHVPSLQRYREL...unknownproduct of
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Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682