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Chemical Component Summary

NameASPARAGINE
Identifiers(2S)-2,4-bis(azanyl)-4-oxidanylidene-butanoic acid
FormulaC4 H8 N2 O3
Molecular Weight132.12 g/mol
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C4H8N2O3/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2H,1,5H2,(H2,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1
InChIKeyDCXYFEDJOCDNAF-REOHCLBHSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count34
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsCA
Bond Count16
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving AtomsOXT,H2,HXT

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00174 Different stereochemistry
NameL-Asparagine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionA non-essential amino acid that is involved in the metabolic control of cell functions in nerve and brain tissue. It is biosynthesized from aspartic acid and ammonia by asparagine synthetase. (From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed)
Synonyms
  • (2S)-2-amino-3-carbamoylpropanoic acid
  • (2S)-2,4-diamino-4-oxobutanoic acid
  • (S)-2-amino-3-carbamoylpropanoic acid
  • (S)-Asparagine
  • 2-Aminosuccinamic acid
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationUsed for nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
PharmacologyA non-essential amino acid. Asparagine is critical for the production of the body's proteins, enzymes and muscle tissue. Supplements of this amino acid are claimed to balance nervous system function.
Mechanism of actionAsparagine, a non-essential amino acid is important in the metabolism of toxic ammonia in the body through the action of asparagine synthase which attaches ammonia to aspartic acid in an amidation reaction. Asparagine is also used as a structural component in many proteins.
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Basic
  • Amino Acids, Diamino
  • Amino Acids, Neutral
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
CAS number70-47-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682