Chemical Component Summary

Namecurcumin
Identifiers(1E,6E)-1,7-bis(3-methoxy-4-oxidanyl-phenyl)hepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione
FormulaC21 H20 O6
Molecular Weight368.38
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCOc1cc(\C=C\C(=O)CC(=O)\C=C\c2ccc(O)c(OC)c2)ccc1O
InChIInChI=1S/C21H20O6/c1-26-20-11-14(5-9-18(20)24)3-7-16(22)13-17(23)8-4-15-6-10-19(25)21(12-15)27-2/h3-12,24-25H,13H2,1-2H3/b7-3+,8-4+
InChIKeyVFLDPWHFBUODDF-FCXRPNKRSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count47
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count48
Aromatic Bond Count12

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB11672 
NameCurcumin
Groups
  • approved
  • experimental
  • investigational
DescriptionCurcumin, also known as diferuloylmethane, is an active component in the golden spice turmeric (Curcuma longa) and in [DB11265]. It is a highly pleiotropic molecule that exhibits antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, antioxidant, wound-healing, and antimicrobial activities [A33166]. Due to these properties, curcumin has been investigated for the treatment and supportive care of clinical conditions including proteinuria, breast cancer, multiple myeloma, depression, and Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). Despite proven efficacy against numerous experimental models, poor bioavailability due to poor absorption, rapid metabolism, and rapid systemic elimination have been shown to limit the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin [A33166]. Curcumin is under investigation for the treatment and supportive care of various clinical conditions including mucositis, rectal cancer, prostate cancer, chronic schizophrenia, and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) [A33166].
SynonymsCurcumin
Brand NamesKaydia Patch
IndicationNo approved therapeutic indications.
Categories
  • Alkanes
  • Analgesics
  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antineoplastic Agents
CAS number458-37-7

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaMGETLGDSPIDPESDSFTDTLSANISQEMTMVDTEMPFWPTNFGISSVDL...unknown
Vitamin D3 receptorMEAMAASTSLPDPGDFDRNVPRICGVCGDRATGFHFNAMTCEGCKGFFRR...unknown
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 5MKDIDIGKEYIIPSPGYRSVRERTSTSGTHRDREDSKFRRTRPLECQDAL...unknowninhibitor
Carbonyl reductase [NADPH] 1MSSGIHVALVTGGNKGIGLAIVRDLCRLFSGDVVLTARDVTRGQAAVQQL...unknown
Glutathione S-transferase PMPPYTVVYFPVRGRCAALRMLLADQGQSWKEEVVTVETWQEGSLKASCLY...unknown
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Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682