Chemical Component Summary

NameCITRIC ACID
Identifiers2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
FormulaC6 H8 O7
Molecular Weight192.12
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)CC(O)(CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)
InChIKeyKRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count21
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count20
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB04272 
NameCitric acid
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
  • vet_approved
DescriptionA key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability. Citric acid was one of active ingredients in Phexxi, a non-hormonal contraceptive agent that was approved by the FDA on May 2020.[L14120]
Synonyms
  • Citronensäure
  • Acidum citricum
  • Citric acid monohydrate
  • Citric acid
  • Anhydrous citric acid
Brand Names
  • Anticoagulant Citrate Dextrose Solution USP (acd) Formula A
  • Family Wellness Effervescent Antacid and Pain Relief
  • Pico-salax
  • Effervescent Antacid and Pain Relief
  • CPDA-1 Blood Collection System
Categories
  • Acid Preparations
  • Acidifying Activity
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Calcium Chelating Activity
ATC-CodeA09AB04
CAS number77-92-9

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Fumarate hydratase class IIMNTVRSEKDSMGAIDVPADKLWGAQTQRSLEHFRISTEKMPTSLIHALAL...unknowninhibitor
6-phosphogluconolactonaseMEKTVIYLLEDGYVDFVVEKIRTKMEKLLEEKDKIFVVLAGGRTPLPVYE...unknown
L-amino-acid oxidaseMAPLALHLLVLVPILLSLVASQDWKAERSQDPFEKCMQDPDYEQLLKVVT...unknown
Carboxy-terminal domain RNA polymerase II polypeptide A small phosphatase 1MDSSAVITQISKEEARGPLRGKGDQKSAASQKPRSRGILHSLFCCVCRDD...unknown
Cytochrome c peroxidaseDNLMERANSMFEPIPKYPPVIDGNELTQAKVELGKMEFFEPRLSSSHLIS...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682