Chemical Component Summary

NameCOPPER (II) CHLORIDE
Identifiersdichlorocopper
FormulaCl2 Cu
Molecular Weight134.45
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCl[Cu]Cl
InChIInChI=1S/2ClH.Cu/h2*1H;/q;;+2/p-2
InChIKeyORTQZVOHEJQUHG-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count3
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count2
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB09131 Different stereochemistry
NameCupric Chloride
Groupsapproved
DescriptionCupric chloride, for injection, is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution intended for use as an additive to solutions for Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN).
Synonyms
  • Copper chloride
  • Copper(2+) chloride
  • copper(II) chloride
  • Cupric chloride anhydrous
SaltsCupric chloride dihydrate
Brand Names
  • 4 Trace Elements Injection, USP
  • Copper
  • Trace Elements Solution Inj
  • Trace Elements for Injection - Li
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN).
PharmacologyCopper is an essential nutrient which serves as a co factor for serum ceruloplasmin, an oxidase necessary for proper formation of the iron carrier protein, transferrin. Copper also helps maintain normal rates of red and white blood cell formation. Providing copper during Total Parenteral Nutrition helps prevent development of the following deficiency symptoms: Leukopenia, neutropenia, anemia, depressed ceruloplasmin levels, impaired transferrin formation, secondary iron deficiency and osteoporosis.
Mechanism of actionThe in vitro interaction of organic copper compounds with rat liver glutathione S-transferases was studied with reduced glutathione and 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as substrates. Both organic and inorganic copper are spontaneously conjugated with glutathione, but interact with glutathione S-transferase by direct binding to these proteins.
Route of administrationIntravenous
Categories
  • Elements
  • Inorganic Chemicals
  • Metals
  • Metals, Heavy
  • Transition Elements
CAS number7447-39-4