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DAL

D-ALANINE

DAL is found in 240 entries

DAL in polymers: 212 entries. Examples include: 5I5B 1CWM 1GO6

DAL as free ligands, exist in 28 entries. Example includes: 1KTO 4C5B 1IKI

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

NameD-ALANINE
Identifiers(2R)-2-aminopropanoic acid
FormulaC3 H7 N O2
Molecular Weight89.09 g/mol
TypeD-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESC[C@@H](N)C(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C3H7NO2/c1-2(4)3(5)6/h2H,4H2,1H3,(H,5,6)/t2-/m1/s1
InChIKeyQNAYBMKLOCPYGJ-UWTATZPHSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count13
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsCA
Bond Count12
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving AtomsOXT,H2,HXT

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00160 Different stereochemistry
NameL-Alanine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionA non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases immunity, and provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, and the central nervous system. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (2S)-2-Aminopropanoic acid
  • (S)-2-Aminopropanoic acid
  • (S)-Alanine
  • ALA
  • Alanine
Brand Names
  • Aminosyn
  • Aminosyn 10%
  • Aminosyn 10% W Electrolytes
  • Aminosyn 3.5% M
  • Aminosyn 5%
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationUsed for protein synthesis.
PharmacologyIs an important source of energy for muscle tissue, the brain and central nervous system; strengthens the immune system by producing antibodies; helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids.
Mechanism of actionL-Alanine is a non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases immunity, and provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, and the central nervous system. BCAAs are used as a source of energy for muscle cells. During prolonged exercise, BCAAs are released from skeletal muscles and their carbon backbones are used as fuel, while their nitrogen portion is used to form another amino acid, Alanine. Alanine is then converted to Glucose by the liver. This form of energy production is called the Alanine-Glucose cycle, and it plays a major role in maintaining the body's blood sugar balance.
Route of administrationIntravenous
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Supplements
CAS number56-41-7
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682