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Chemical Component Summary

NameFOLIC ACID
Identifiers(2S)-2-[[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo-1H-pteridin-6-yl)methylamino]phenyl]carbonylamino]pentanedioic acid
FormulaC19 H19 N7 O6
Molecular Weight441.40 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESNc1nc(=O)c2nc(CNc3ccc(cc3)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(O)=O)cnc2[nH]1
InChIInChI=1S/C19H19N7O6/c20-19-25-15-14(17(30)26-19)23-11(8-22-15)7-21-10-3-1-9(2-4-10)16(29)24-12(18(31)32)5-6-13(27)28/h1-4,8,12,21H,5-7H2,(H,24,29)(H,27,28)(H,31,32)(H3,20,22,25,26,30)/t12-/m0/s1
InChIKeyOVBPIULPVIDEAO-LBPRGKRZSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count51
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsCA
Bond Count53
Aromatic Bond Count17
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00158 Different stereochemistry
NameFolic Acid
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
  • vet_approved
DescriptionA member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (poaceae). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Folacin
  • Folate
  • Folic acid
  • Folsaeure
  • N-[(4-{[(2-amino-4-oxo-1,4-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
SaltsFolate sodium
Brand Names
  • A.R.T.H. Away Formula
  • Acide Folique 5 Tab
  • Acti-folic + Dibencozide Caplets
  • Active Fe
  • Am Caps
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor treatment of folic acid deficiency, megaloblastic anemia and in anemias of nutritional supplements, pregnancy, infancy, or childhood.
PharmacologyFolic acid, a water-soluble B-complex vitamin, is found in foods such as liver, kidneys, yeast, and leafy, green vegetables. Folic acid is used to diagnose folate deficiency and to treat topical sprue and megaloblastic and macrocytic anemias, hematologic complications resulting from a deficiency in folic acid.
Mechanism of actionFolic acid, as it is biochemically inactive, is converted to tetrahydrofolic acid and methyltetrahydrofolate by dihydrofolate reductase. These folic acid congeners are transported across cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis where they are needed to maintain normal erythropoiesis, synthesize purine and thymidylate nucleic acids, interconvert amino acids, methylate tRNA, and generate and use formate. Using vitamin B12 as a cofactor, folic acid can normalize high homocysteine levels by remethylation of homocysteine to methionine via methionine synthetase.
Route of administration
  • Intramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
  • Intravenous
  • Oral
Categories
  • Antianemic Preparations
  • Autacoids
  • BCRP/ABCG2 Substrates
  • Biological Factors
  • Blood and Blood Forming Organs
ATC-Code
  • B03AE01
  • B03AE02
  • B03BB51
  • B03BB01
AHFS-Code88:08.00
CAS number59-30-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682