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Chemical Component Summary

NameGUANIDINE
Identifiersguanidine
FormulaC H5 N3
Molecular Weight59.07 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESNC(N)=N
InChIInChI=1S/CH5N3/c2-1(3)4/h(H5,2,3,4)
InChIKeyZRALSGWEFCBTJO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count9
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count8
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00536 Different stereochemistry
NameGuanidine
Groupsapproved
DescriptionA strong organic base existing primarily as guanidium ions at physiological pH. It is found in the urine as a normal product of protein metabolism. It is also used in laboratory research as a protein denaturant. (From Martindale, the Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed and Merck Index, 12th ed) It is also used in the treatment of myasthenia and as a fluorescent probe in HPLC. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Aminomethanamidine
  • Gu
  • Guanidin
  • GUANIDINE
  • H2N-C(=NH)-NH2
SaltsGuanidine hydrochloride
Brand NamesGuanidine Hydrochloride
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the reduction of the symptoms of muscle weakness and easy fatigability associated with the myasthenic syndrome of Eaton-Lambert. It is not indicated for treating myasthenia gravis.
PharmacologyGuanidine apparently acts by enhancing the release of acetylcholine following a nerve impulse. It also appears to slow the rates of depolarization and repolarization of muscle cell membranes.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Amidines
  • Guanidines
  • Organic Chemicals
CAS number113-00-8
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682