this piece corresponds to the legacy myPDB login in the form of a bootstrap modal, will likely retire-->

Chemical Component Summary

NameACETOHYDROXAMIC ACID
IdentifiersN-hydroxyethanamide
FormulaC2 H5 N O2
Molecular Weight75.07 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCC(=O)NO
InChIInChI=1S/C2H5NO2/c1-2(4)3-5/h5H,1H3,(H,3,4)
InChIKeyRRUDCFGSUDOHDG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count10
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count9
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00551 Different stereochemistry
NameAcetohydroxamic Acid
Groupsapproved
DescriptionAcetohydroxamic Acid, a synthetic drug derived from hydroxylamine and ethyl acetate, is similar in structure to urea. In the urine, it acts as an antagonist of the bacterial enzyme urease. Acetohydroxamic Acid has no direct antimicrobial action and does not acidify urine directly. It is used, in addition to antibiotics or medical procedures, to treat chronic urea-splitting urinary infections.
Synonyms
  • Acethydroxamsaeure
  • Acethydroxamsaure
  • Acetic acid, oxime
  • Acetohydroxamate
  • Acetohydroxamic acid
Brand NamesLithostat
Affected OrganismEnteric bacteria and other eubacteria
IndicationUsed, in addition to antibiotics or medical procedures, to treat chronic urea-splitting urinary infections.
PharmacologyAcetohydroxamic Acid, a synthetic drug derived from hydroxylamine and ethyl acetate, is similar in structure to urea. In the urine, it acts as an antagonist of the bacterial enzyme urease. Acetohydroxamic Acid has no direct antimicrobial action and does not acidify urine directly.
Mechanism of actionAcetohydroxamic Acid reversibly inhibits the bacterial enzyme urease. This inhibits the hydrolysis of urea and production of ammonia in urine infected with urea-splitting organisms, leading to a decrease in pH and ammonia levels. As antimicrobial agents are more effective in such conditions, the effectiveness of these agents is amplified, resulting in a higher cure rate.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Amines
  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Genito Urinary System and Sex Hormones
ATC-CodeG04BX03
CAS number546-88-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682