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Chemical Component Summary

NameGefitinib
IdentifiersN-(3-chloro-4-fluoro-phenyl)-7-methoxy-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropoxy)-1H-quinazolin-4-imine
FormulaC22 H24 Cl F N4 O3
Molecular Weight446.90 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCOc1cc2[nH]cn\c(=N/c3ccc(F)c(Cl)c3)c2cc1OCCCN1CCOCC1
InChIInChI=1S/C22H24ClFN4O3/c1-29-20-13-19-16(12-21(20)31-8-2-5-28-6-9-30-10-7-28)22(26-14-25-19)27-15-3-4-18(24)17(23)11-15/h3-4,11-14H,2,5-10H2,1H3,(H,25,26,27)
InChIKeyXGALLCVXEZPNRQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count55
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count58
Aromatic Bond Count17
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00317 Different stereochemistry
NameGefitinib
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionGefitinib (originally coded ZD1839) is a drug used in the treatment of certain types of cancer. Acting in a similar manner to erlotinib (marketed as Tarceva), gefitinib selectively targets the mutant proteins in malignant cells. It is marketed by AstraZeneca under the trade name Iressa. [Wikipedia]
Synonyms
  • 4-(3'-chloro-4'-Fluoroanilino)-7-methoxy-6-(3-morpholinopropoxy)quinazoline
  • Gefitinib
  • Iressa
  • N-(3-chloro-4-Fluorophenyl)-7-methoxy-6-(3-(4-morpholinyl)propoxy)-4-quinazolinamine
  • ZD 1839
Brand NamesIressa
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the continued treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of either platinum-based or docetaxel chemotherapies.
PharmacologyGefitinib inhibits the intracellular phosphorylation of numerous tyrosine kinases associated with transmembrane cell surface receptors, including the tyrosine kinases associated with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR-TK). EGFR is expressed on the cell surface of many normal cells and cancer cells.
Mechanism of actionGefitinib inhibits the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase by binding to the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding site of the enzyme. Thus the function of the EGFR tyrosine kinase in activating the Ras signal transduction cascade is inhibited; and malignant cells are inhibited. Gefitinib is the first selective inhibitor of the EGFR tyrosine kinase which is also referred to as Her1 or ErbB-1. EGFR is overexpressed in the cells of certain types of human carcinomas - for example in lung and breast cancers. Overexpression leads to inappropriate activation of the apoptotic Ras signal transduction cascade, eventually leading to uncontrolled cell proliferation.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents
  • BCRP/ABCG2 Inhibitors
  • BCRP/ABCG2 Substrates
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
ATC-CodeL01XE02
AHFS-Code10:00.00
CAS number184475-35-2

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Epidermal growth factor receptorMRPSGTAGAALLALLAALCPASRALEEKKVCQGTSNKLTQLGTFEDHFLS...yesantagonist
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682