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Chemical Component Summary

NamePROLINE
Identifiers(2S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
FormulaC5 H9 N O2
Molecular Weight115.13 g/mol
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCN1
InChIInChI=1S/C5H9NO2/c7-5(8)4-2-1-3-6-4/h4,6H,1-3H2,(H,7,8)/t4-/m0/s1
InChIKeyONIBWKKTOPOVIA-BYPYZUCNSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count35
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsCA
Bond Count17
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving AtomsOXT,H,HXT

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00172 Different stereochemistry
NameL-Proline
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionA non-essential amino acid that is synthesized from glutamic acid. It is an essential component of collagen and is important for proper functioning of joints and tendons. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (-)-(S)-Proline
  • (-)-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid
  • (-)-Proline
  • (−)-(S)-proline
  • (−)-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid
SaltsProline, dl-
Brand Names
  • Aminosyn
  • Aminosyn 10%
  • Aminosyn 10% W Electrolytes
  • Aminosyn 3.5% M
  • Aminosyn 5%
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationL-Proline is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons and also helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles.
PharmacologyL-Proline is a major amino acid found in cartilage and is important for maintaining youthful skin as well as repair of muscle, connective tissue and skin damage. It is also essential for the immune system, and for necessary balance of this formula. It is an essential component of collagen and is important for proper functioning of joints and tendons. L-Proline is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons. Helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles.
Mechanism of actionGlycogenic, by L-Proline oxidase in the kidney, it is ring-opened and is oxidized to form L-Glutamic acid. L-Ornithine and L-Glutamic acid are converted to L-Proline via L-Glutamic acid-gamma-semialdehyde. It is contained abundantly in collagen, and is intimately involved in the function of arthrosis and chordae.
Route of administrationIntravenous
Categories
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Cyclic
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  • Carboxylic Acids
CAS number147-85-3

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase AMVNPTVFFDIAVDGEPLGRVSFELFADKVPKTAENFRALSTGEKGFGYKG...unknownbinder
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-2MKLWVSALLMAWFGVLSCVQAEFFTSIGHMTDLIYAEKELVQSLKEYILV...unknown
Prolyl 3-hydroxylase 2MRERIWAPPLLLLLPLLLPPPLWGGPPDSPRRELELEPGPLQPFDLLYAS...unknown
Pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 2MSVGFIGAGQLAYALARGFTAAGILSAHKIIASSPEMNLPTVSALRKMGV...unknown
Sodium-dependent proline transporterMKKLQGAHLRKPVTPDLLMTPSDQGDVDLDVDFAAHRGNWTGKLDFLLSC...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682