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SIN

SUCCINIC ACID

SIN is found in 184 entries

SIN in polymers: 29 entries. Examples include: 5U66 2AGG 3T1U

SIN as free ligands, exist in 155 entries. Example includes: 1KOR 5CAE 4EW7

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

NameSUCCINIC ACID
Identifiersbutanedioic acid
FormulaC4 H6 O4
Molecular Weight118.09 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)CCC(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C4H6O4/c5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H2,(H,5,6)(H,7,8)
InChIKeyKDYFGRWQOYBRFD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count14
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count13
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving AtomsO2,O4,HO2,HO4

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00139 Different stereochemistry
NameSuccinic acid
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionA water-soluble, colorless crystal with an acid taste that is used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, the manufacture of lacquers, and to make perfume esters. It is also used in foods as a sequestrant, buffer, and a neutralizing agent. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p1099; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1851)
Synonyms
  • 1,2-Ethanedicarboxylic acid
  • Acide butanedioique
  • Acide succinique
  • Acidum succinicum
  • Amber acid
Brand NamesNiferex
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
Mechanism of actionSuccinate is an essential component of the Krebs or citric acid cycle and serves an electron donor in the production of fumaric acid and FADH2. It also has been shown to be a good "natural" antibiotic because of its relative acidic or caustic nature (high concentrations can even cause burns). Succinate supplements have been shown to help reduce the effects of hangovers by activating the degradation of acetaldehyde - a toxic byproduct of alcohol metabolism - into CO2 and H2O through aerobic metabolism. Succinic acid has been shown to stimulate neural system recovery and bolster the immune system. Claims have also been made that it boosts awareness, concentration and reflexes.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Dicarboxylic Acids
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Organic Chemicals
AHFS-Code92:02.00*
CAS number110-15-6

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Solute carrier family 13 member 3MAALAAAAKKVWSARRLLVLLFTPLALLPVVFALPPKEGRCLFVILLMAV...unknown
Succinate receptor 1MLGIMAWNATCKNWLAAEAALEKYYLSIFYGIEFVVGVLGNTIVVYGYIF...unknown
Solute carrier family 13 member 2MATCWQALWAYRSYLIVFFVPILLLPLPILVPSKEAYCAYAIILMALFWC...unknown
Succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid coenzyme A transferase 1, mitochondrialMAALKLLSSGLRLCASARGSGATWYKGCVCSFSTSAHRHTKFYTDPVEAV...unknown
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-2MKLWVSALLMAWFGVLSCVQAEFFTSIGHMTDLIYAEKELVQSLKEYILV...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682