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Chemical Component Summary

NameSPERMINE
IdentifiersN,N'-bis(3-aminopropyl)butane-1,4-diamine
FormulaC10 H26 N4
Molecular Weight202.34 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESNCCCNCCCCNCCCN
InChIInChI=1S/C10H26N4/c11-5-3-9-13-7-1-2-8-14-10-4-6-12/h13-14H,1-12H2
InChIKeyPFNFFQXMRSDOHW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count40
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count39
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00127 Different stereochemistry
NameSpermine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionA biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine. It is found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and is an essential growth factor in some bacteria. It is found as a polycation at all pH values. Spermine is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 4,9-Diaza-1,12-dodecanediamine
  • 4,9-Diazadodecane-1,12-diamine
  • N,N'-Bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-butanediamine
  • Spermine
SaltsSpermine dihydrate
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
PharmacologySpermine is a polyamine. It is an organic molecule that is involved in cellular metabolism.
Mechanism of actionSpermine is derived from spermidine by spermine synthase. Spermine is a polyamine, a small organic cations that is absolutely required for eukaryotic cell growth. Spermine, is normally found in millimolar concentrations in the nucleus. Spermine functions directly as a free radical scavenger, and forms a variety of adducts that prevent oxidative damage to DNA. Oxidative damage to DNA by reactive oxygen species is a continual problem that cells must guard against to survive. Hence, spermine is a major natural intracellular compound capable of protecting DNA from free radical attack. Spermine is also implicated in the regulation of gene expression, the stabilization of chromatin, and the prevention of endonuclease-mediated DNA fragmentation.
Categories
  • Amines
  • Biogenic Amines
  • Biogenic Polyamines
  • Diamines
  • Dietary Supplements
CAS number71-44-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682