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TPA

TRANS-2-PHENYLCYCLOPROPYLAMINE

TPA is found in 1 entry

TPA as free ligands, exist in 1 entry. Example includes: 1TNL

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Chemical Component Summary

NameTRANS-2-PHENYLCYCLOPROPYLAMINE
Identifiers[(1S,2R)-2-phenylcyclopropyl]azanium
FormulaC9 H12 N
Molecular Weight134.20 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILES[NH3+][C@H]1C[C@@H]1c1ccccc1
InChIInChI=1S/C9H11N/c10-9-6-8(9)7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5,8-9H,6,10H2/p+1/t8-,9+/m1/s1
InChIKeyAELCINSCMGFISI-BDAKNGLRSA-O

Chemical Details

Formal Charge1
Atom Count22
Chiral Atom Count2
Chiral AtomsC1,C2
Bond Count23
Aromatic Bond Count6
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00752 Different stereochemistry
NameTranylcypromine
Groupsapproved
DescriptionA propylamine formed from the cyclization of the side chain of amphetamine. This monoamine oxidase inhibitor is effective in the treatment of major depression, dysthymic disorder, and atypical depression. It also is useful in panic and phobic disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p311)
Synonyms
  • Parnate
  • Tranilcipromina
  • Transamine
  • Tranylcypromin
  • Tranylcypromine
SaltsTranylcypromine Sulfate
Brand Names
  • Parnate
  • Tranylcypromine Sulfate
  • Jatrosom
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the treatment of major depressive episode without melancholia.
PharmacologyTranylcypromine belongs to a class of antidepressants called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Tranylcypromine is a non-hydrazine monoamine oxidase inhibitor with a rapid onset of activity. MAO is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of a number of amines, including serotonin, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine. Two isoforms of MAO, A and B, are found in the body. MAO-A is mainly found within cells located in the periphery and catalyzes the breakdown of serotonin, norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine and tyramine. MAO-B acts on phenylethylamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine and tyramine, is localized extracellularly and is found predominantly in the brain. While the mechanism of MAOIs is still unclear, it is thought that they act by increasing free serotonin and norepinephrine concentrations and/or by altering the concentrations of other amines in the CNS. It has been postulated that depression is caused by low levels of serotonin and/or norepinephrine and that increasing serotonergic and norepinephrinergic neurotransmission results in relief of depressive symptoms. MAO A inhibition is thought to be more relevant to antidepressant activity than MAO B inhibition. Selective MAO B inhibitors, such as selegiline, have no antidepressant effects.
Mechanism of actionTranylcypromine irreversibly and nonselectively inhibits monoamine oxidase (MAO). Within neurons, MAO appears to regulate the levels of monoamines released upon synaptic firing. Since depression is associated with low levels of monoamines, the inhibition of MAO serves to ease depressive symptoms, as this results in an increase in the concentrations of these amines within the CNS.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Amines
  • Anti-Anxiety Agents
  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Central Nervous System Agents
  • Central Nervous System Depressants
ATC-CodeN06AF04
AHFS-Code28:16.04.12
CAS number155-09-9
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682