Transcription initiation factor IIB - Q00403 (TF2B_HUMAN)


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General transcription factor that plays a role in transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II (Pol II). Involved in the pre-initiation complex (PIC) formation and Pol II recruitment at promoter DNA (PubMed:1876184, PubMed:1946368, PubMed:1517211, PubMed:3818643, PubMed:3029109, PubMed:8413225, PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312, PubMed:7601352, PubMed:9420329, PubMed:12931194, PubMed:27193682). Together with the TATA box-bound TBP forms the core initiation complex and provides a bridge between TBP and the Pol II-TFIIF complex (PubMed:8504927, PubMed:8413225, PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312). Released from the PIC early following the onset of transcription during the initiation and elongation transition and reassociates with TBP during the next transcription cycle (PubMed:7601352). Associates with chromatin to core promoter-specific regions (PubMed:12931194, PubMed:24441171). Binds to two distinct DNA core promoter consensus sequence elements in a TBP-independent manner; these IIB-recognition elements (BREs) are localized immediately upstream (BREu), 5'-[GC][GC][GA]CGCC-3', and downstream (BREd), 5'-[GA]T[TGA][TG][GT][TG][TG]-3', of the TATA box element (PubMed:9420329, PubMed:16230532, PubMed:7675079, PubMed:10619841). Modulates transcription start site selection (PubMed:10318856). Exhibits also autoacetyltransferase activity that contributes to the activated transcription (PubMed:12931194). UniProt
Catalytic Activity
acetyl-CoA + L-lysyl-[protein] = CoA + H+ + N6-acetyl-L-lysyl-[protein] UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Subunit Structure
(Microbial infection) Interacts (via C-terminus) with the Herpes simplex virus activator VP16; this interaction stimulates RNA Pol II transcription by increasing the extent of pre-initiation complex assembly. UniProt
The TFIIB-type zinc-binding domain is necessary for the interaction and recruitment of RNA polymerase II to the core promoter, the formation of a fully competent pre-initiation complex (PIC) assembly and basal transcription initiation (PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312, PubMed:8413225). The C-terminus is necessary and sufficient for interaction with the TATA box-bound TBP complex and for the formation of PIC (PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8413225). UniProt
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