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KKK

1-acetyl-4-(4-{[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy}phenyl)piperazine

KKK is found in 3 entries

KKK as free ligands, exist in 3 entries. Example includes: 3LD6 5LI8 3OZW

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

Name1-acetyl-4-(4-{[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy}phenyl)piperazine
Identifiers1-[4-[4-[[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy]phenyl]piperazin-1-yl]ethanone
FormulaC26 H28 Cl2 N4 O4
Molecular Weight531.43 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCC(=O)N1CCN(CC1)c1ccc(OC[C@H]2CO[C@@](Cn3ccnc3)(O2)c2ccc(Cl)cc2Cl)cc1
InChIInChI=1S/C26H28Cl2N4O4/c1-19(33)31-10-12-32(13-11-31)21-3-5-22(6-4-21)34-15-23-16-35-26(36-23,17-30-9-8-29-18-30)24-7-2-20(27)14-25(24)28/h2-9,14,18,23H,10-13,15-17H2,1H3/t23-,26-/m0/s1
InChIKeyXMAYWYJOQHXEEK-OZXSUGGESA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count64
Chiral Atom Count2
Chiral AtomsC5 C6
Bond Count68
Aromatic Bond Count17
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01026 Different stereochemistry
NameKetoconazole
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionBroad spectrum antifungal agent used for long periods at high doses, especially in immunosuppressed patients. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Extina
  • Ketoconazol
  • Ketoconazole
  • Ketoconazolum
  • Ketozole
Brand Names
  • Apo-ketoconazole
  • Extina
  • Ketoconazole
  • Ketodan
  • Ketoderm Cream 2%
Affected OrganismFungi
IndicationFor the treatment of the following systemic fungal infections: candidiasis, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, oral thrush, candiduria, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, chromomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis.
PharmacologyKetoconazole, like clotrimazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, and miconazole, is an imidazole antifungal agent.
Mechanism of actionKetoconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme necessary for the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. This results in inhibition of ergosterol synthesis and increased fungal cellular permeability. Other mechanisms may involve the inhibition of endogenous respiration, interaction with membrane phospholipids, inhibition of yeast transformation to mycelial forms, inhibition of purine uptake, and impairment of triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis. Ketoconazole can also inhibit the synthesis of thromboxane and sterols such as aldosterone, cortisol, and testosterone.
Route of administration
  • Oral
  • Topical
Categories
  • 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antifungal Agents
  • Antiinfectives for Systemic Use
  • Antimycotics for Systemic Use
ATC-Code
  • G01AF11
  • D01AC08
  • J02AB02
AHFS-Code
  • 08:14.08
  • 84:04.08.08
CAS number65277-42-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682