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Chemical Component Summary

NameCHOLIC ACID
Identifiers(4R)-4-[(3R,5S,7R,8R,9S,10S,12S,13R,14S,17R)-3,7,12-trihydroxy-10,13-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-tetradecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl]pentanoic acid
FormulaC24 H40 O5
Molecular Weight408.57 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESC[C@H](CCC(O)=O)[C@H]1CC[C@H]2[C@@H]3[C@H](O)C[C@@H]4C[C@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)[C@H]3C[C@H](O)[C@]12C
InChIInChI=1S/C24H40O5/c1-13(4-7-21(28)29)16-5-6-17-22-18(12-20(27)24(16,17)3)23(2)9-8-15(25)10-14(23)11-19(22)26/h13-20,22,25-27H,4-12H2,1-3H3,(H,28,29)/t13-,14+,15-,16-,17+,18+,19-,20+,22+,23+,24-/m1/s1
InChIKeyBHQCQFFYRZLCQQ-OELDTZBJSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count69
Chiral Atom Count11
Chiral AtomsC10 C12 C13 C14 C17 C20 C3 C5 C7 C8 C9
Bond Count72
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB02659 Stereoisomeric match
NameCholic Acid
Groupsapproved
DescriptionA major primary bile acid produced in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. It facilitates fat absorption and cholesterol excretion. [PubChem] Cholic acid, formulated as Cholbam capsules, is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration as a treatment for children and adults with bile acid synthesis disorders due to single enzyme defects, and for peroxisomal disorders (such as Zellweger syndrome).
Brand NamesCholbam
IndicationOral cholic acid is indicated for: treatment of bile acid synthesis disorders due to single enzyme defects; and as adjunctive treatment of peroxisomal disorders including Zellweger spectrum disorders in patients who exhibit manifestations of liver disease, steatorrhea or complications from decreased fat soluble vitamin absorption.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Bile Acid Preparations
  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Bile and Liver Therapy
  • Bile Therapy
ATC-CodeA05AA03
AHFS-Code56:92
CAS number81-25-4

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 7A1, mitochondrialMQALRVSQALIRSFSSTARNRFQNRVREKQKLFQEDNDIPLYLKGGIVDN...unknown
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6A2, mitochondrialMALPLRPLTRGLASAAKGGHGGAGARTWRLLTFVLALPSVALCTFNSYLH...unknown
GastrotropinMAFTGKFEMESEKNYDEFMKLLGISSDVIEKARNFKIVTEVQQDGQDFTW...unknown
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 7C, mitochondrialMLGQSIRRFTTSVVRRSHYEEGPGKNLPFSVENKWSLLAKMCLYFGSAFA...unknown
Liver carboxylesterase 1MWLRAFILATLSASAAWGHPSSPPVVDTVHGKVLGKFVSLEGFAQPVAIF...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682