Chemical Component Summary

NameCITRIC ACID
Identifiers2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
FormulaC6 H8 O7
Molecular Weight192.124
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESC(C(=O)O)C(CC(=O)O)(C(=O)O)O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)
InChIKeyKRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count21
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count20
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB04272 
NameCitric acid
Groups
  • vet_approved
  • nutraceutical
  • approved
DescriptionA key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium-chelating ability. Citric acid is one of the active ingredients in Phexxi, a non-hormonal contraceptive agent that was approved by the FDA on May 2020.[L14120] It is also used in combination with magnesium oxide to form magnesium citrate, an osmotic laxative.[L43832]
Synonyms
  • Citronensäure
  • 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxyic acid
  • 3-carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • ácido cítrico
  • Citric acid monoglyceride
Brand Names
  • Equaline Effervescent Antacid and Pain Relief
  • Equate Effervescent Antacid and Pain Relief
  • CPD/ADSOL Red Cell Preservation Solution System (PL 2209)
  • Leucoflex CGP
  • Citrasate C10125
Categories
  • Acid Preparations
  • Acidifying Activity
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Calcium Chelating Activity
ATC-CodeA09AB04
CAS number77-92-9

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Metallo-beta-lactamase type 2MELPNIMHPVAKLSTALAAALMLSGCMPGEIRPTIGQQMETGDQRFGDLV...unknowninhibitor
Aldose reductaseMASRLLLNNGAKMPILGLGTWKSPPGQVTEAVKVAIDVGYRHIDCAHVYQ...unknowninhibitor
Isocitrate dehydrogenase [NADP]MAQGEKITVSNGVLNVPNNPIIPFIEGDGTGPDIWNAASKVLEAAVEKAY...unknownsubstrate,inhibitor
Beta-lactamaseMKLWFSTLKLKKAAAVLLFSCVALAGCANNQTNASQPAEKNEKTEMKDDF...unknownweak inhibitor
Beta-lactamase 2MKKNTLLKVGLCVGLLGTIQFVSTISSVQASQKVEKTVIKNETGTISISQ...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem 19782904, 311, 88113319
ChEMBL CHEMBL1261
ChEBI CHEBI:30769
CCDC/CSD CITARC01, CITRAC11, QIZTEB, KOVSOF, ZESMES, RUCFAX, CITRAC10, KIGKER, KIGKAN, MEBRUH, SIMXUK, CUYXUQ, CITARC, KOVDUW, HICZIF, EGUXAG, RUWGAS, XOBHIF, AMUBAM, LEWTAK, HICZIF01, QILWIU, RUCFEB, ICUFOE, KIGKER01, MIVHEF, IKEYOP, DAJYUM
COD 8100549, 2221193, 4501798, 7218809