this piece corresponds to the legacy myPDB login in the form of a bootstrap modal, will likely retire-->

Chemical Component Summary

NameDIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
Identifiersmethylsulfinylmethane
FormulaC2 H6 O S
Molecular Weight78.13 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCS(C)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3
InChIKeyIAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count10
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count9
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01093 Stereoisomeric match
NameDimethyl sulfoxide
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionA highly polar organic liquid, that is used widely as a chemical solvent. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect tissue during cryopreservation. Dimethyl sulfoxide shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (CH3)2SO
  • Dimethyl sulfoxide
  • Dimethyl sulfur oxide
  • Dimethyl sulphoxide
  • Dimethyli sulfoxidum
Brand Names
  • Dimethyl Sulfoxide Irrigation USP
  • Kemsol Liquid 70%
  • Rimso-50
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the symptomatic relief of patients with interstitial cystitis.
PharmacologyDimethyl Sulfoxide may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and analgesic activities. Dimethyl Sulfoxide also readily penetrates cellular membranes. The membrane-penetrating ability of dimethyl sulfoxide may enhance diffusion of other substances through the skin. For this reason, mixtures of idoxuridine and dimethyl sulfoxide have been used for topical treatment of herpes zoster in the United Kingdom.
Mechanism of actionThe mechanism of dimethyl sulfoxide's actions is not well understood. Dimethyl sulfoxide has demonstrated antioxidant activity in certain biological settings. For example, the cardiovascular protective effect of dimethyl sulfoxide in copper-deficient rats is thought to occur by an antioxidant mechanism. It is also thought that dimethyl sulfoxide's possible anti-inflammatory activity is due to antioxidant action.
Route of administration
  • Intravesical
  • Topical
Categories
  • Antioxidants
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Cryoprotective Agents
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Inhibitors
ATC-Code
  • G04BX13
  • M02AX03
AHFS-Code
  • 40:36.00
  • 92:00.00
CAS number67-68-5

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682