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A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in alcoholic beverages.
10 Person Ansi
2 Pack Assured Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers (vitamin E and Aloe)
2 Pack Assured Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers (vitamin E and Aloe) Lemon Scented
2-pack Hand Sanitizer
25 Person Ansi
3 Hand Sanitizers
3 Hand Sanitizers Kit
3 Pack Assured Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers (aloe Vera and Moisturizers)
3 Pack Assured Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers (vitamin E and Aloe) Lemon Scented
3 Pack Assured Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers (vitamin E and Moisturizers) Lavender Scented
3 Pack Family Dollar Instant Hand Sanitizers
3 Pack Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers
3 Pack Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers Aloe Scented
3 Pack Instant Hand Sanitizer With Moisturizers Lavender Scented
3m Avagard D
3m Avagard Foam
3m Avagard Foaming Instant Hand Antiseptic
3m Avagard Instant Hand Antiseptic With Moisturizers
3p Instant Hand Sanitizer
50 Person Ansi
7 Select Instant Hand Sanitizer With Vitamin E and Moisturizers
7-11 Instant Hand Sanitizer With Aloe and Vitamin E
A.B.H.C. Instant Hand Sanitizer Citrus Scent
Acme First Aid Contains 404 Pieces
Acqua Aroma Hand Sanitizer Gel
Actigel Hand Sanitizer
Actiprep Preoperative Skin Preparation
Advanced Hand Sanitizer
Adventure First Aid Water Resistant
Aerocleanse Instant Hand Sanitizer
After Bite Wipe
Aftermath Hand Sanitizer
Aidplus Alcohol Cleansing Pad
Aidplus Sting Relief Prep Pad
Aire-master Sanitizer Gel Vit E/a
Akileine Vaporisateur Antitranspirant
Alcare Extra Hand Sanitizer
Alcare Foamed Antiseptic Handrub
Alcare Or Foamed Antiseptic Handrub
Alcare Plus Foamed Antiseptic Handrub
Alco Hand Sanitizer
Alco-gel - Top 60%
Alco-san Instant Skin Sanitizer
Alcohol Cleansing Pad
Alcohol Foaming Hand Sanitizer
Alcohol Prep Pad
Alcorub (rubbing Alcohol Compound)
Alcoscrub Hand Cleaner
All Day Hand Sanitiz
Humans and other mammals
For therapeutic neurolysis of nerves or ganglia for the relief of intractable chronic pain in such conditions as inoperable cancer and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux), in patients for whom neurosurgical procedures are contraindicated.
Alcohol produces injury to cells by dehydration and precipitation of the cytoplasm or protoplasm. This accounts for its bacteriocidal and antifungal action. When alcohol is injected in close proximity to nerve tissues, it produces neuritis and nerve degeneration (neurolysis). Ninety to 98% of ethanol that enters the body is completely oxidized. Ethanol is also used as a cosolvent to dissolve many insoluble drugs and to serve as a mild sedative in some medicinal formulations. Ethanol also binds to GABA, glycine, NMDA receptors and modulates their effects. Ethanol is also metabolised by the hepatic enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase.
Mechanism of action
Ethanol affects the brain’s neurons in several ways. It alters their membranes as well as their ion channels, enzymes, and receptors. Alcohol also binds directly to the receptors for acetylcholine, serotonin, GABA, and the NMDA receptors for glutamate.
The sedative effects of ethanol are mediated through binding to GABA receptors and glycine receptors (alpha 1 and alpha 2 subunits). It also inhibits NMDA receptor functioning. In its role as an anti-infective, ethanol acts as an osmolyte or dehydrating agent that disrupts the osmotic balance across cell membranes.
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison
T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682