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Chemical Component Summary

NameERYTHROMYCIN A
Identifiers(3R,4S,5S,6R,7R,9R,11R,12R,13S,14R)-6-[(2S,3R,4S,6R)-4-dimethylamino-3-hydroxy-6-methyl-oxan-2-yl]oxy-14-ethyl-7,12,13-trihydroxy-4-[(2R,4R,5S,6S)-5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethyl-oxan-2-yl]oxy-3,5,7,9,11,13-hexamethyl-1-oxacyclotetradecane-2,10-dione
FormulaC37 H67 N O13
Molecular Weight733.93 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCC[C@H]1OC(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@H]2C[C@@](C)(OC)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O2)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2O[C@H](C)C[C@@H]([C@H]2O)N(C)C)[C@](C)(O)C[C@@H](C)C(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@]1(C)O
InChIInChI=1S/C37H67NO13/c1-14-25-37(10,45)30(41)20(4)27(39)18(2)16-35(8,44)32(51-34-28(40)24(38(11)12)15-19(3)47-34)21(5)29(22(6)33(43)49-25)50-26-17-36(9,46-13)31(42)23(7)48-26/h18-26,28-32,34,40-42,44-45H,14-17H2,1-13H3/t18-,19-,20+,21+,22-,23+,24+,25-,26+,28-,29+,30-,31+,32-,34+,35-,36-,37-/m1/s1
InChIKeyULGZDMOVFRHVEP-RWJQBGPGSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count118
Chiral Atom Count18
Chiral AtomsC10 C11 C12 C13 C14 C16 C17 C18 C2 C22 C23 C24 C26 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8
Bond Count120
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00199 Stereoisomeric match
NameErythromycin
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionErythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic produced by Saccharopolyspora erythraea (formerly Streptomyces erythraeus). It inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits; binding inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins. Erythromycin may be bacteriostatic or bactericidal depending on the organism and drug concentration.
Synonyms
  • (3R,4S,5S,6R,7R,9R,11R,12R,13S,14R)-6-{[(2S,3R,4S,6R)-4-(dimethylamino)-3-hydroxy-6-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}-14-ethyl-7,12,13-trihydroxy-4-{[(2R,4R,5S,6S)-5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}-3,5,7,9,11,13-hexamethyloxacyclotetradecane-2,10-dione
  • 3''-O-demethylerythromycin
  • Abomacetin
  • Eritromicina
  • Erythromycin
Salts
  • Erythromycin estolate
  • Erythromycin ethylsuccinate
  • Erythromycin gluceptate
  • Erythromycin lactobionate
  • Erythromycin phosphate
Brand Names
  • Alti-erythromycin Tab 250mg USP
  • Benzamycin
  • Diomycin
  • E.E.S.
  • E.E.s
Affected Organism
  • Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
  • Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Staphylococcus aureus
IndicationFor use in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of microorganisms in the following diseases: respiratory tract infections (upper and lower) of mild to moderate degree, pertussis (whooping cough), as adjunct to antitoxin in infections due to <i>Corynebacterium diphtheriae</i>, in the treatment of infections due to <i>Corynebacterium minutissimum</i>, intestinal amebiasis caused by <i>Entamoeba histolytica</i>, acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by <i>Neisseria gonorrhoeae</i>, skin and soft tissue infections of mild to moderate severity caused by <i>Streptococcus pyogenes</i> and <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i>, primary syphilis caused by <i>Treponema pallidum</i>, infections caused by <i>Chlamydia trachomatis</i>, nongonococcal urethritis caused by <i>Ureaplasma urealyticum</i>, and Legionnaires' disease caused by <i>Legionella pneumophila</i>.
PharmacologyErythromycin is produced by a strain of Streptomyces erythraeus and belongs to the macrolide group of antibiotics. After absorption, erythromycin diffuses readily into most body fluids. In the absence of meningeal inflammation, low concentrations are normally achieved in the spinal fluid, but the passage of the drug across the blood-brain barrier increases in meningitis. Erythromycin is excreted in breast milk. The drug crosses the placental barrier with fetal serum drug levels reaching 5 - 20% of maternal serum concentrations. Erythromycin is not removed by peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis.
Mechanism of actionErythromycin acts by penetrating the bacterial cell membrane and reversibly binding to the 50 S subunit of bacterial ribosomes or near the &ldquo;P&rdquo; or donor site so that binding of tRNA (transfer RNA) to the donor site is blocked. Translocation of peptides from the &ldquo;A&rdquo; or acceptor site to the &ldquo;P&rdquo; or donor site is prevented, and subsequent protein synthesis is inhibited. Erythromycin is effective only against actively dividing organisms. The exact mechanism by which erythmromycin reduces lesions of acne vulgaris is not fully known: however, the effect appears to be due in part to the antibacterial activity of the drug.
Route of administration
  • Intravenous
  • Ophthalmic
  • Oral
  • Topical
Categories
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antiinfectives
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Combined Inhibitors of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein
ATC-Code
  • D10AF52
  • D10AF02
  • J01FA01
  • S01AA17
AHFS-Code
  • 08:12.12.04
  • 34:00.00
  • 52:04.04
CAS number114-07-8
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682