Chemical Component Summary

NameISOLEUCINE
Identifiers(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methyl-pentanoic acid
FormulaC6 H13 N O2
Molecular Weight131.17
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESCC[C@H](C)[C@@H](C(=O)O)N
InChIInChI=1S/C6H13NO2/c1-3-4(2)5(7)6(8)9/h4-5H,3,7H2,1-2H3,(H,8,9)/t4-,5-/m0/s1
InChIKeyAGPKZVBTJJNPAG-WHFBIAKZSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count22
Chiral Atom Count2
Bond Count21
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00167 
NameIsoleucine
Groups
  • investigational
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionAn essential branched-chain aliphatic amino acid found in many proteins. It is an isomer of leucine. It is important in hemoglobin synthesis and regulation of blood sugar and energy levels.
Synonyms
  • Isoleucine
  • Isoleucina
  • alpha-amino-beta-methylvaleric acid
  • Isoleucinum
  • Ile
Brand Names
  • Quick Mix 2.5% Travasol Aa With Electrolytes With 25% Dextrose Injec
  • Vamin N
  • Smofkabiven Peripheral
  • 4.25% Travasol Amino Acid Without Electrolytes In 5% Dextrose Quickmix
  • Aminosyn II 7% Injection
IndicationThe branched-chain amino acids may have antihepatic encephalopathy activity in some. They may also have anticatabolic and antitardive dyskinesia activity.
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Branched-Chain
  • Amino Acids, Essential
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  • Dietary Supplements
CAS number73-32-5

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Isoleucine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialMRWGLRPRGPGAAALATARSLWGTPRLPCSPGWQGATKRLLVRSVSGASN...unknown
Short/branched chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrialMEGLAVRLLRGSRLLRRNFLTCLSSWKIPPHVSKSSQSEALLNITNNGIH...unknown
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, cytosolicMKDCSNGCSAECTGEGGSKEVVGTFKAKDLIVTPATILKEKPDPNNLVFG...unknown
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, mitochondrialMAAAALGQIWARKLLSVPWLLCGPRRYASSSFKAADLQLEMTQKPHKKPG...unknown
Isoleucine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicMLQQVPENINFPAEEEKILEFWTEFNCFQECLKQSKHKPKFTFYDGPPFA...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDPOXGAL
PubChem6306
PubChem7043901
ChEBICHEBI:17191
ChEBICHEBI:58045
ChEMBLCHEMBL1233584