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PA1

2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranose

PA1 is found in 10 entries

PA1 as free ligands, exist in 10 entries. Example includes: 1FI1 1PBR 5KGP

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View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

Name2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranose
Identifiers(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,4,5-triol
FormulaC6 H13 N O5
Molecular Weight179.17 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESN[C@H]1[C@@H](O)O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H13NO5/c7-3-5(10)4(9)2(1-8)12-6(3)11/h2-6,8-11H,1,7H2/t2-,3-,4-,5-,6+/m1/s1
InChIKeyMSWZFWKMSRAUBD-UKFBFLRUSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count25
Chiral Atom Count5
Chiral AtomsC1 C2 C3 C4 C5
Bond Count25
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01296 Different stereochemistry
NameGlucosamine
Groupsapproved
DescriptionGlucosamine is commonly used as a treatment for osteoarthritis, although its acceptance as a medical therapy varies. It is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids. Since glucosamine is a precursor for glycosaminoglycans, and glycosaminoglycans are a major component of joint cartilage, supplemental glucosamine may help to rebuild cartilage and treat arthritis.
Synonyms
  • 2-Amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose
  • Chitosamine
  • D-Glucosamine
SaltsGlucosamine sulfate
Brand NamesRemaxazon External Patch
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationGlucosamine is usually used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, although its efficacy is still in question.
PharmacologyOsteoarthritis is characterized by the progressive degeneration of cartilage glycosaminoglycans. The formation of glucosamine is the rate limiting step in glycosaminoglycans synthesis thus the addition is glucosamine, would in theory provide a building block towards the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans and thus slow down the progression of osteoarthritis. Thus far however, the results have not been conclusive.
Mechanism of actionGlucosamine is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids. Oral glucosamine is commonly used for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Since glucosamine is a precursor for glycosaminoglycans, and glycosaminoglycans are a major component of joint cartilage, supplemental glucosamine may help to rebuild cartilage and treat arthritis. Its use as a therapy for osteoarthritis appears safe, but there is conflicting evidence as to its effectiveness with more recent studies showing limited to no clinical benefit of use. In the United States, glucosamine is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for medical use in humans. Since glucosamine is classified as a dietary supplement, safety and formulation are solely the responsibility of the manufacturer; evidence of safety and efficacy is not required as long as it is not advertised as a treatment for a medical condition.
Route of administrationTopical
Categories
  • Amino Sugars
  • Antiinflammatory and Antirheumatic Products
  • Antiinflammatory and Antirheumatic Products, Non-Steroids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Substrates
ATC-CodeM01AX05
CAS number3416-24-8
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682