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Chemical Component Summary

NamePALMITIC ACID
Identifiershexadecanoic acid
FormulaC16 H32 O2
Molecular Weight256.42 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C16H32O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)
InChIKeyIPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count50
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count49
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB03796 Stereoisomeric match
NamePalmitic Acid
Groupsexperimental
DescriptionA common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 1-Hexyldecanoic Acid
  • 1-Pentadecanecarboxylic acid
  • FAT
  • Hexadecanoate
  • Hexadecanoic acid
Brand Names
  • Levovist - Pws IV (4g Granules /vial)
  • Sha-lem
PharmacologyPalmitic acid is the first fatty acid produced during lipogenesis (fatty acid synthesis) and from which longer fatty acids can be produced. Palmitate negatively feeds back on acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) which is responsible for converting acetyl-ACP to malonyl-ACP on the growing acyl chain, thus preventing further palmitate generation
Route of administration
  • Intravenous
  • Topical
Categories
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Fatty Acids
  • Lipids
  • Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
CAS number57-10-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682