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Chemical Component Summary

NameSPECTINOMYCIN
Identifiersn/a
FormulaC14 H24 N2 O7
Molecular Weight332.35 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCN[C@@H]1[C@H](O)[C@H](NC)[C@H]2O[C@]3(O)[C@@H](O[C@H](C)CC3=O)O[C@@H]2[C@H]1O
InChIInChI=1S/C14H24N2O7/c1-5-4-6(17)14(20)13(21-5)22-12-10(19)7(15-2)9(18)8(16-3)11(12)23-14/h5,7-13,15-16,18-20H,4H2,1-3H3/t5-,7-,8+,9+,10+,11-,12-,13+,14+/m1/s1
InChIKeyUNFWWIHTNXNPBV-WXKVUWSESA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count47
Chiral Atom Count9
Chiral AtomsC10 C11 C12 C2 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9
Bond Count49
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00919 Stereoisomeric match
NameSpectinomycin
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionAn antibiotic produced by Streptomyces spectabilis. It is active against gram-negative bacteria and used for the treatment of gonorrhea.
Synonyms
  • Actinospectacina
  • Espectinomicina
  • SCM
  • Spectinomicina
  • Spectinomycine
Salts
  • Spectinomycin dihydrochloride pentahydrate
  • Spectinomycin hydrochloride
  • Spectinomycin hydrochloride pentahydrate
  • Spectinomycin sulfate
  • Spectinomycin sulfate tetrahydrate
Brand Names
  • Trobicin Inj 400mg/ml
  • Actinospectacin
  • Spectam
  • Togamycin
  • Trobicin
Affected OrganismEnteric bacteria and other eubacteria
IndicationFor use in the treatment of acute gonorrheal urethritis and proctitis in the male and acute gonorrheal cervicitis and proctitis in the female when due to susceptible strains of <i>Neisseria gonorrhoeae</i>.
PharmacologySpectinomycin is an aminocyclitol antibiotic produced by a species of soil microorganism designated as S<i>treptomyces spectabilis</i>. In vitro studies have shown spectinomycin to be active against most strains of <i>Neisseria gonorrhoeae</i> (minimum inhibitory concentration <7.5 to 20 mcg/mL). Footprint studies indicate that spectinomycin exerts regional effects on ribosomal structure.
Mechanism of actionSpectinomycin is an inhibitor of protein synthesis in the bacterial cell; the site of action is the 30S ribosomal subunit. It is bactericidal in its action.
Route of administrationIntramuscular
Categories
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antibacterials for Systemic Use
  • Antiinfectives for Systemic Use
ATC-CodeJ01XX04
CAS number1695-77-8

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
30S ribosomal protein S12MATVNQLVRKPRARKVAKSNVPALEACPQKRGVCTRVYTTTPKKPNSALR...yesinhibitor
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682