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Chemical Component Summary

NameSERINE
Identifiers(2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxy-propanoic acid
FormulaC3 H7 N O3
Molecular Weight105.09 g/mol
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](CO)C(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C3H7NO3/c4-2(1-5)3(6)7/h2,5H,1,4H2,(H,6,7)/t2-/m0/s1
InChIKeyMTCFGRXMJLQNBG-REOHCLBHSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count28
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsCA
Bond Count13
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00133 Stereoisomeric match
NameL-Serine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionA non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from glycine or threonine. It is involved in the biosynthesis of purines; pyrimidines; and other amino acids. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (2S)-2-amino-3-Hydroxypropanoic acid
  • (S)-(-)-Serine
  • (S)-(−)-serine
  • (S)-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid
  • (S)-alpha-Amino-beta-hydroxypropionic acid
Brand Names
  • Aminosyn
  • Aminosyn 10%
  • Aminosyn 10% W Electrolytes
  • Aminosyn 3.5% M
  • Aminosyn 5%
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationUsed as a natural moisturizing agent in some cosmetics and skin care products.
PharmacologySerine is classified as a nutritionally non-essential amino acid. Serine is critical for the production of the body's proteins, enzymes and muscle tissue. Serine is needed for the proper metabolism of fats and fatty acids. It also helps in the production of antibodies. Serine is used as a natural moisturizing agent in some cosmetics and skin care products. The main source of essential amino acids is from the diet, non-essential amino acids are normally synthesize by humans and other mammals from common intermediates.
Mechanism of actionL-Serine plays a role in cell growth and development (cellular proliferation). The conversion of L-serine to glycine by serine hydroxymethyltransferase results in the formation of the one-carbon units necessary for the synthesis of the purine bases, adenine and guanine. These bases when linked to the phosphate ester of pentose sugars are essential components of DNA and RNA and the end products of energy producing metabolic pathways, ATP and GTP. In addition, L-serine conversion to glycine via this same enzyme provides the one-carbon units necessary for production of the pyrimidine nucleotide, deoxythymidine monophosphate, also an essential component of DNA.
Route of administrationIntravenous
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Neutral
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Supplements
CAS number56-45-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682