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Chemical Component Summary

NameXANTHINE
Identifiers3,9-dihydropurine-2,6-dione
FormulaC5 H4 N4 O2
Molecular Weight152.11 g/mol
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESO=c1[nH]c2[nH]cnc2c(=O)[nH]1
InChIInChI=1S/C5H4N4O2/c10-4-2-3(7-1-6-2)8-5(11)9-4/h1H,(H3,6,7,8,9,10,11)
InChIKeyLRFVTYWOQMYALW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count15
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count16
Aromatic Bond Count10
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB02134 Stereoisomeric match
NameXanthine
Groupsexperimental
DescriptionA purine base found in most body tissues and fluids, certain plants, and some urinary calculi. It is an intermediate in the degradation of adenosine monophosphate to uric acid, being formed by oxidation of hypoxanthine. The methylated xanthine compounds caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline and their derivatives are used in medicine for their bronchodilator effects. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Categories
  • Alkaloids
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring
  • Purines
  • Purinones
CAS number69-89-6
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682