Bortezomib-Resistant Mutant Proteasomes: Structural and Biochemical Evaluation with Carfilzomib and ONX 0914.Huber, E.M., Heinemeyer, W., Groll, M.
(2015) Structure 23: 407-417
- PubMed: 25599643
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2014.11.019
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
4QUX, 4QUY, 4QV0, 4QV1, 4QV3, 4QV4, 4QV5, 4QV6, 4QV7, 4QV8, 4QV9, 4QVL, 4QVM, 4QVN, 4QVP, 4QVQ, 4QVV, 4QVW, 4QVY, 4QW0, 4QW1, 4QW3, 4QW4, 4QW5, 4QW6, 4QW7, 4QWF, 4QWG, 4QWI, 4QWJ, 4QWK, 4QWL, 4QWR, 4QWS, 4QWU, 4QWX, 4QXJ, 4QZ0, 4QZ1, 4QZ2, 4QZ3, 4QZ4, 4QZ5, 4QZ6, 4QZ7, 4QZW, 4QZX, 4QZZ, 4R00
- PubMed Abstract:
Inhibition of the 20S proteasome by bortezomib (Velcade) constitutes a successfully applied therapy for blood cancer. However, emerging resistance restricts its medicinal use. For example, mutations in the proteolytically active β5-subunit of the proteasome, the main target of inhibitors, were reported to impair drug binding and thus to reduce therapeutic efficacy. Using yeast as a model system, we describe here a systematic evaluation of these mutations by cell growth analysis, proteasome inhibition assays, and X-ray crystallography. The 11 mutants examined display decreased proliferation rates, impaired proteolytic activity, and marked resistance to bortezomib as well as the α',β'-epoxyketone inhibitors carfilzomib (Kyprolis) and ONX 0914, while the second-generation compound carfilzomib was the least affected. In total, 49 proteasome X-ray structures, including structural data on proteasome-carfilzomib complexes, reveal three distinct molecular mechanisms that hamper both drug binding and natural substrate turnover to an extent that is still compatible with cell survival.
Center for Integrated Protein Science at the Department Chemie, Lehrstuhl für Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstraße 4, 85747 Garching, Germany. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.