Structural basis of receptor recognition by SARS-CoV-2.Shang, J., Ye, G., Shi, K., Wan, Y., Luo, C., Aihara, H., Geng, Q., Auerbach, A., Li, F.
(2020) Nature 581: 221-224
- PubMed: 32225175
- DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2179-y
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
A novel SARS-like coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) recently emerged and is rapidly spreading in humans 1,2 . A key to tackling this epidemic is to understand the virus's receptor recognition mechanism, which regulates its infectivity, pathogenesis ...
A novel SARS-like coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) recently emerged and is rapidly spreading in humans 1,2 . A key to tackling this epidemic is to understand the virus's receptor recognition mechanism, which regulates its infectivity, pathogenesis and host range. SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV recognize the same receptor - human ACE2 (hACE2) 3,4 . Here we determined the crystal structure of the SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain (RBD) (engineered to facilitate crystallization) in complex with hACE2. Compared with the SARS-CoV RBD, a hACE2-binding ridge in SARS-CoV-2 RBD takes a more compact conformation; moreover, several residue changes in SARS-CoV-2 RBD stabilize two virus-binding hotspots at the RBD/hACE2 interface. These structural features of SARS-CoV-2 RBD enhance its hACE2-binding affinity. Additionally, we show that RaTG13, a bat coronavirus closely related to SARS-CoV-2, also uses hACE2 as its receptor. The differences among SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV and RaTG13 in hACE2 recognition shed light on potential animal-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2. This study provides guidance for intervention strategies targeting receptor recognition by SARS-CoV-2.
Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, USA. email@example.com.